1.Race Manual Implementation

Trotting Race Competitions can be held, i.e. efficiency data can be collected by an organisation
(Efficiency Data Collector), whose race arrangements comply with race regulations conditions and are accepted by the Estonian Trotting Association (hereafter: ETA).
The Requirements and Procedure for obtaining the certificate of the ESTONIAN WARMBLOOD TROTTING HORSES Efficiency Data Collector
The following individuals are also to conform to these regulations:

The horse owner and a stud company, a trainer, a trainer’s attendant, a driver and a stable employee, all who work or compete at the races сoordinated by the Estonian Trotting Union.

All individuals mentioned above are obliged to be aware of the following race regulations. The given part of the regulations concerning the race is valid during the race.

The area of the race includes the racecourse,the stands and the stables.
The race time begins one hour before the first race parade and ends half an hour after the finish of last race.

The decisions made according to the given race regulations cannot be appealed in court.

2. Unregistered participation in trotting race competitions

ETA may grant disqualification to the horses participating in the races held in Estonia, but not in coordination with ETA. The given qualification may concern the owner of the horse, the trainer and drivers as well as the other horses owned by the same owner.

3. The staff at the races

The enumerated below officials form the necessary staff for holding a race:
The Head Judge

The Distance Judge

The Racecourse Judge

The Racecourse Starter with attendants

The Veterinary officer, the Start Manager, the Stables Safety Officer

Stipendiary Stewards

The Racecourse Manager

The Announcer

The Sweepstake Manager


The Racecourse Master

Other officials

If any of the aforementioned officials (p. 1-10) or any close raltive of his/her is an owner of a horse or rides it, then during the given race he may not take part in the work of the staff dealing with this race.
A racing official cannot participate in a race as a driver. The racing and sweepstake staff may not hold sweepstakes or any other forecasts related to trotting races on a racing day while attending to their duties.

Close relatives are considered to be a spouse, a mother, a father, children, a spouse’s children, a sister or her children, a brother or his children; other people married to children, sisters and brothers.

4. Head Judge and Stewards
ETA appoints a person to serve as the Head Judge, who has expertise and experience in holding trotting races and has been actively engaged as the Judge as well as has an excellent knowledge of racing regulations.
The responsibilities of the Head Judge:

to ensure that the race regulations are followed at a racecourse during the racing time;

to decide on drivers’ shifts and replacements;

to decide if there is a significant reason to discharge a driver;

to coordinate work of the authorities and staff;

to take the main responsibility for the assessment of racing results as well as passive races fixation;

to draw up a race report which is presented to ETA.

The Head Judge belongs to the Panel of the Judges and acts as the Chairman. The Panel of the Judges includes at least three and at most six people, except the Chairman; one of them acts as the Deputy Chairman.

The Panel of the Judges are responsible of decision making throughout the racing time.The Chairman of ETA Board, a member of the board, a director or other permanently employed ETA officials cannot be engaged as the Head Judge or belong to the Panel of the Judges, unless there is a special permission for a valid reason from ETA Board.The responsibilities of the Panel of the Judges include:

to ensure that the racing regulations are followed;

to settle accounts;

to approve of or disqualify the horse race;

to be the highest authority to decide on placing;

to impose penalties;

to inform the Veterinarian Officer of the penalties imposed on a horse;

to decide whether to discontinue or abandon a race;

if requested to make an official report to ETA about an accident on a racecourse or any breach of regulations;

to draw up a report about an accident which may include a payment of insurance indemnity.

The Panel of the Judges discuss all breaches of the rules which take place in the area of the races at the time of the races, with the exception of incidents, settlement of which is within the competency of the Veterinarian Official. The verdict of the Panel of the Judges is reached by the majority of ordinary votes. If the votes are equal, the vote of the Chairman is of significant importance.5. The finish judge/The Panel of the Finish Judges

The Racecourse Judges draw up a nomination according to succession as well as confirmand inform the Race Secretary of the obtained time results. The Chairman of the Panel of the Finish Judges is the Finish Judge; his assistants are stewards and the Successions Inspector. Members of the Panel of the Finish Judges as well as a finish camera may act as time keepers. If required, the Finish Judge must be able to report the placings without the help of a finish camera.The Finish Judge forwards a report on the placing of the horses according to the results of the sweepstakes to the Panel of the Finish Judges for confirmation. The succession of the horses confirmed by the Chairman of the Panel of the Finish Judges is sent to the Manager of Sweepstake, the Secretary and the Announcer. The confirmed placing may not be protested. 6. The Racecourse Starter with attendants The Racecourse Starter with attendants manages and watches the competitors at a warm-up, a parade, at a start of a race and while racing. If the start does not conform to the rules, it is repeated after the signal given by the Panel of the Judges, the Racecourse Starter or his attendants. The Racecourse Starter aided by his attendants watches a race. If there is an accident or a breach of rules during a race, the Racetrack Starter informs the Panel of the Judges about it.

7. The Veterinary Officer, the Start Manager, the Stables Safety Officer The Veterinary Officer is the highest authority and controller onobservance of Animal Protection Act.

Together with the Panel of the Judges or working independently his/her responsibilities include:

to ensure the execution of animal protection laws;

to check e horses and their equipment before the start;

to check horses’ transport;

to decide together with the Panel of the Judges whether to discontinue or abandon races;

to administer the first aid and if necessary to decide on treatment for a horse;

to decide on humane destruction of an unhealthy or injured horse ;

to control doping;

to check on leading-out, equipment and racing suitability of horses;

if necessary to identify a horse;

to give an oral or written report on discharge, an illness or an injury of a horse.

The responsibilities of the Start Manager:

to lead horses to a parade;

to assist the Veterinarian Officer with the pre-start check;

to check on leading-out, equipment and racing suitability of horses;

if necessary to assist the Panel of the Judges on keeping contact with drivers.

The Stables Safety Officer:

checks on the process of walking around the stables of the horses;

keeps general order in the area of the stables;

assists the Veterinarian Officer with the check on the means of trasportation and equipment;

draws up a report on an accident and estimates damage of the accident directly after its taking place;

if necessary assists the Panel of the Judges on keeping contact with drivers.

8. The Announcer The Announcer reports to the Panel of the Judges and works following the instructions of the Panel of Judges.

9. Distance Judges

Distance Judges are positioned at the places of the racecourse designated by the Panel of the Judges.
They ensure that the competitors act according to the race regulations and report the breach of the rules to the Panel of the Judges immediately. It is advisable to record on camera the activities of the Distance Judges. 10. The Racecourse Manager

The Racecourse Manager aided by his attendants accepts the confirmation of competitors’ participation and informs of any possible change of program the Panel of the Judges, who forward the information to the Announcer and the Sweepstake Manager. In addition, the Racecourse Manager makes necessary notes on horses’ competition cards and confirms them with his signature.The Racecourse Manager compiles a racing program, allocates the horses into groups according to the rules; if necessary schedules handicap starts and draws the racetracks for horses.The Racecourse Manager checks that a horse and a driver have an advantage in this race as marked in the plan.If a horse has no right to participate, the Racecourse Manager has to contact the Panel of the Judges to clarify the situation.11. Identification of a Horse A horse is identified before a race begins in case of doubt about a horse’s suitability or if a horse is a first-time participant at the races supervised by ETA.

During the identification a horse may not have covers or equipment obscuring the identification markings.
An unidentified horse must be informed about by a person handing it over for racing at the registration. The identification is transferred to a horse’s racecard and the protocol.The repeated identification is conducted if a horse starts racing after a long period.
If in doubt, a horse can be denied the right to compete at a race.Each owner of a horse or a person handing it over for a race registered in the racing register must consent to a blood test taken form his horse if necessary. If an owner refuses, a horse is not registered or an already registered horse is deleted from a register or the pedigree book.An identified horse is transferred into a racing register.

If later it turns out that a horse’s identification data does not correspond to the given horse, ETA has the right to withdraw its prize money. The decision on the change of the prize money is made separately by ETA.12. The data about a foreign-born horse A foreign-born horse participating in races in Estonia must have a breed certificate for horses (a passport) presented by its owner to ETA, a certificate or a letter by the national organisation of the horse’s country of origin, where there are marked the horse’s colours and markings as well as necessary data for a racing program. The first-time participant in a races in Estonia, a foreign-born horse is identified. The identifier must have a certificate by the national organisation of a horse’s country of origin, where there are marked a horse’s colours and markings.

A foreign-born horse participating in races in Estonia must be handed over at least one working day before the usual handing-over day.

13. The Age of a Horse

The age of a horse registered in the racing register is estimated starting from 1 January, its year of birth.14. The Racing Groups and the Advantage

The efficiency check can be held by dividing horses into groups by using one or more of the below mentioned criteria: 14.1. Age:

2-year-old horses

3-year-old horses

3- and 4-year-old horses

3-year-old and older horses

4-year-old horses

older horses.

With 2-year-old horses their right to race starts on 1 June and they compete in their own groups. One start within 7 days is permitted and in the period of 01.06. – 31.12. altogether 12 starts. With the consent of the owner and ETA a 2-year-old horse may participate in a race in groups for 3-year-olds as well.
3-year-old horses are allowed 1 start a day and maximum 2 starts within 7 days, but not on the following days. They may start together with older horses only with the approval of a trainer.
4-year-old and older horses may take part in two starts a day.
A mare may compete 7 months after breeding or 3 months after the death of a foal.
ETA may limit the number of international competitors at its own competitions.The right to racing is denied to: An over 12-year-old horse;

A horse which is over 4 months pregnant;

A mare with a foal;

A horse which is limp or sick;

A horse registered abroad, which is discharged in its home country or elsewhere.

14.2 by the Prizes Won - all the earned money considered as a basis

- money prizes for the 5 latest starts 14.3 Group Formation according to Gender:

- a mare group;

- a stallion and gelding group;

- a stallion group. 14.4 By the Pedigree Book

- For horses registered in the Estonian Warmblood Trotters Pedigree Book; - For horses registered in Part A of the Estonian Warmblood Trotters Pedigree Book; - For horses being trained in Estonia and horses registered in the Estonian Warmblood Trotters
Pedigree Book;

- without the limits of the Pedigree Book.

15. Qualification Standards

To gain the right for racing a horse must be qualified according to the Qualification Standards at the distance at least 2100m. The distance must be negotiated according to the time results confirmed by ETA:2-year-old horses – 3.13,2 / 1.32,0

3-year-old horses – 3.04,8 / 1.28,0

4-year-old and elder horses – 2.58,5 / 1.25,0

The result of the Qualification Raceis transferred to a horse’s racecard and a protocol.TheQualification Race must be achieved by the following horses:

the horses which have never raced before;

the horses whose non-racing period is over 12 months;

the horses which have interrupted the last three starts or which have been disqualified;
the horses which were subjected to the Qualification Racefrom the Panel of the Judges. If necessary to retrieve the right to enter the race the Panel of the Judges may subject a horse to the Qualification Race.

The result of the Qualification Race is not added to a horse’s number of starts or a driver’s statistics.At the request of an owner or a trainer a horse may have a test start (routine start) which is not added to the formal statistics. If a test start fails, a horse will not lose the right to race.16. Racing Qualifications, Start Types and Competition Events

All competitions must have a distance of approximately 1600 m, with the exception of 1000-1600m competitions, the result of which is neither fixed nor considered as efficiency check. However, the prize money is considered.

The sweepstake competitions

16.1.1. At the sweepstake competitions the following is required:

a horse’s racecard;

a horse’s right to race, which has been obtained at the Qualification Race any other way;

a driver’s licence.

16.1.2. At the sweepstake competitions the following is required:

a measured and confirmed racecourse;

a preliminary horses’ registration;

the Head Judge and the Panel of the Judges;

timekeeping with a photofinish;

monetary prizes.

16.1.3. At the sweepstake competitions the following is fixed:

official results;

Estonian and horses’ records;

a horse’s start ;

a driver’s start;

a horse’s disqualification.

Together with the sweepstake competitions it is allowed to hold the qualification starts.

Types of Starts

Handicap Start

Horses are positioned at the various distances with 20m intervals.

Horses’ distances are fixed by:

horses’ records or won prize money;

the program compiler, according to his view of horses’ performances.

The program compiler’s decision cannot be protested.

The pursuit start is used.

The Group Start

All horses start at the same position. At most 12 horses can participate in this start.

At narrow race tracks there are the following restrictions:

If the first row has for the start:

8 horses, then altogether 12

7 horses, then altogether 10

6 horses, then altogether 9

5 horses, then altogether 7

4 horses, then altogether 6.

The Auto Start is dealt with separately (see Point 39).

Competition Events

Extended Trotting. The extension must correspond as pointed out in Point 35. Monte Racing

A driver must have ETA driver’s licence. A driver’s weight with equipment must be at least 60kg.

The length of a whip must be maximum 85 cm; use of spurs is prohibited.

A horse’s snaffle bits must allow it to be managed by hand from the saddle.

Amateur Drivers Competitions

Propaganda Competitions

Celebrities are allowed to take part if they acquire the single ETA permit.

Apprentice Races - Apprentice drivers and stablemen participate in these races. A permission is granted by ETA.

Points Competitions – Drivers participate in two or more starts on the same day or at the next competitions.

Races with Trial Runs

Horses are divided into two or more trial runs preferably with an equal number of competitors.

17. The Race Program
The Racecourse Manager compiles a race program for each race. The Race Program should include the following:

a race organiser;

officials employed on the day of a race (described in Point 4);

the colour of the competition numbers, the race distance, the class, the trophies, data and race statistics about horses.

18. The Racecourse

Races are held on circular racecourses the length of which is usually 1000 m long and at least 16m wide. The length is measured 1m away from the inside border of the inner track. The track must be measured by a competent organisation; when in doubt the second measuring procedure is requested.

The border of the inner track must be clearly marked to be distictly seen by participants, judges and measurers as well as safe for the participants.

A track must be separated from the spectators by railing.

If necessary, 2m high platforms are built at the turns of a track for Stipendiary Stewards.

If general public is allowed into the inside of the racecourse, crossing points must be guarded.

19. Racing Distance

Racing distances approved by ETA are the following:

1600 m – 2100 m

2100 m – 3200 m

20. Prize Money

Each start must have money prizes at least for the first three places; the size and allotment according to the number of horses are marked in the schedule.

Depending on the number of horses money prizes are usually divided in the following way:

At the start there are 7 - 8 horses, money prizes at least 4

At the start there are 9 - 10 horses, money prizes at least 5

At the start there are 11 - 12 horses, money prizes at least 6

In case of a horse removed from a start, money prizes are divided according to the number of the horses started.

21. The Total Prize Fund

The Total Prize Fund for horses comes from the prize funds of registered competitions and from seasonal and special money prizes, from which no expenses or entrance fees for competitions have been deducted.

The money prizes won abroad and achieved abroad records are confirmed in a written way by the central union of the foreign country. To estimate the prize money U.E.T. annual exhange rates are taken into account.

The prize money won by a horse for every start is marked by ETA to a horse’s racecard, which is rounded to 1€.

22. A Horses’s Records

A Horses’s Record is marked as its best time up to 0,1 second, which it has run in Estonia or at the official competitions abroad at least the distance of 1600m.

The record with the Auto Start is marked as “a”.

The record with the Volt Start is marked as “v”.

The record with the Monte Trotting is marked as “m”.

The time of the Qualification Raceis not considered a horse’s official record.

23. Estonian Record

Estonian Record is considered the best time of a horse registered in Estonia run at the races of a given distance.

ETA confirms records.

Estonian records are registered:

for 2-year-old horses;

for 3-year-old horses;

for 4-year-old and older horses stallions/geldings and mares respectively for their distances , which are approved by ETA.

Estonian record is considered to the result gained at the races with a sweepstake.

24. Driver’s Licence

Every driver participating in the trotting race must hold a valid driver’s licence.

A candidate for ETA driver’s licence must be at least 14 years old and present the same certificate of health as a person acquiring a certificate of health for a driver’s licence. A candidate for a driver’s licence has to complete an obligatory driver’s course or present a reference letter issued by a professional trainer. In addition, he must be able to answer the questions about the trotting races regulations in a written way. Apart from the passing the written test he has to demonstrate handling, riding and driving skills. On successful completion of a course a candidate receives a corresponding certificate.

ETA has a right to demand a new certificate of health or a new medical examination at the request of judges. If a driver uses supplementary devices for hearing and seeing on a daily basis he is obliged to use them during races as well.

A driver’s licence is valid up to the age of 65. Later a driver’s licence can be prolonged for 5 more years if a driver presents a new certificate of health about his state of health. Starting with the age of 70 it is possible to prolong a driver’s licence yearly with a doctor’s permission.

A driver’s licence is not valid if a driver has not participated in trotting races for 10 years.ETA administration can withdraw an issued driver’s licence. A driver’s licence withdrawn by ETA administration or an invalid driver’s licence can be retrieved by passing a driver’s test.

Conditions for obtaining licences:

C- category – it is necessary to pass exams; the category is not valid unless a driver takes part in races during a 5-year period; a reference letter issued by a professional trainer is essential.

B - category – at least 200 starts during the entire career, competes annually 10 times. A driver obtains the category for life in case of 100 or more victories.

A - category at least 700 starts, competes annually at least 30 times. A driver obtains the category for life in case of 500 or more victories.

An amateur driver is a driver who does not earn his living as a trotting race driver or a trainer. He can obtain any category.

A professional driver can refuse the status of a professional driver if he meets the status of an amateur driver.

Amateur drivers races are meant only for amateurs who have not owned a professional driver’s status for three years.


D- category trainer – an amateur trainer – can train only his own horses, it is necessary to pass an appropriate exam.

C- category trainer – a junior trainer – it is necessary to pass an exam. He has to be employed at the guidance of a professional trainer for at least three years or hold the A – category driver’s licence as well as a reference letter or a certificate on completing an appropriate course.

B- category trainer – a professional trainer – inexperienced trainer, he has been active for the last five years; has a sufficient number of horses for training and racing.

A- category trainer – a professional trainer – he has been an active professional trainer for the last five years; has been previously active as a trainer for at least 6 months for horses which have won prizes or races in Estonian Derby, Kriteerium, BabyRace 1 or three times gained one the first three places, or has been a trainer for horses which have achieved the same results at the races abroad with the Total Prize Fund of €10 000.

25. A Pseudonym and a Legal Name

If a horse owner being a legal entity wishes to participate under a pseudonym, he has to apply for a pseudonym registration. The pseudonym registration form presents an owner(s)’s names and addresses as well as a pseudonym’s contact data: an address and a legal representative. A legal entity’s application form must state a company’s registration number, a legal address and names of people entitled to represent a horse owner.

A pseudonym is registered for a period of five years. Registration and data amends are paid services.

Use of a pseudonym or participation in races under a legal name is prohibited before ETA registration.

26. A Horse’s Registration for a Race and Choice of a Driver

26.1 A Horse’s Registration for a Race

A person responsible for a horse’s registration for a race is its trainer or a horse owner at the absence of a trainer.

A person registering a horse for a race presents data about a horse as well as a licenced driver’s name and is responsible for:
a horse’s health;

a horse is in good condition for a race;

a horse has a ETA racecard;

the data presented about a horse is correct;

the data concerning a race is correct.

A horse’s trainer ensures participation of a competitor registered for a race as well as holds the responsibility for its participation.

If registered by telephone, it is essential to confirm participation later.

Amendments in a record or a starting sum on a day of registration or the following day are not taken in account.

26.2 Choosing a Driver

A driver must not compete on a horse belonging to another person against his own horse or his nearest relation’s horse if a horse is being trained by another trainer. If at the start there are several horses which are partly owned by a driver, a driver must race on a horse which he owns the most part.

A horse partly owned by an owner is also considered a horse which belongs to a profit organisation of which an owner has more than 10%.

A trainer may not compete on a horse trained by another person against his own horse.

Restrictions of choosing a driver do not apply at Points Races.

26.3 Starting with 1 June,2011 a horse must be vaccinated against the equine flu.

26.4 If a horse’s passport lacks data on vaccination or it cannot be confirmed otherwise, a horse cannot compete and a trainer is fined €30.

26.5 If the period since the date of vaccination does not exceed 96 hours (4 days), a horse cannot race and a trainer is always fined €30.

27. A Horse Racing Abroad

After racing abroad a horse’s racecard must be submitted to ETA for filing racing results.

28. Amendments or Cancelling Registration

After a registration deadline no changes are to be made to the data, with the exception to formal data correction.

Registration may not be cancelled except when:

before a race certain proof is presented about erroneous registration of a horse;

there are other reasons that a horse may not participate in a race.

29. Strong reasons for not participating in a race

If a horse is registered for a race, it has to participate in it, if a later participation check-up shows no strong reasons for avoiding a race.

Strong reasons to avoid a race are:

a driver’s or a horse’s illness;

a quarantine period after taking medicine;

problems with transportation to a race.

Only a horse’s trainer can inform about a horse’s failure to participate. The report about a horse’s failure to participate must be forwarded to the Racecourse Manging Executive immediately when non-participation is certain.

If a horse has been registered for a race but is not going to start, a certificate or an explanatory note must be presented to the Racecourse Managing Executive.

30. Abandoning a race for strong reasons

The Racecourse Managing Executive has a right to abandon a race due to adverse weather of which he must immediately inform the participants.

A race must be abandoned if the temperature is –20° C.

The Racecourse Managing Executive and the Veterinary Officer decide on abandoning a race 1 hour before a race starts at the latest.

Participants have a right to refuse a race with the consent of the Veterinary Officer if the air temperature at the racecourse drops from –15 to –20° C or the ground conditions are such that the course (or any part thereof) is not safe for horses. Leaving out due to the conditions of the course or weather must be reported to the Racecourse Managing Executive.

31. Confirmation of Entry

A horse’s racing data must be checked and participation in the start must be confirmed at least on hour prior to the first start of a horse. At the same time a participant confirms correctness of data and pays a possible participation fee. A registered person is also given a racecard and if necessary a drivers licence.

The Racecourse Managing Executive checks that a racecard has the following :

a horse’s identification;

breeding time of mares which have an advantage for a right to race;

other important data.

The Racecourse Managing Executive must be notified immediately in case of a horse entered for a race but not starting or a change of a driver. All the horses about which changes have not been notified race as stated in the schedule.

Later than an hour prior to a horse’s first start the data in the schedule may be changed on the grounds specified as well as with the consent of the Panel of the Judges. If the Panel of the Judges do not grant their consent, a participant must take part as stated in the schedule.

A horse must take part in a start for which it is marked in the schedule. If before a start it turns out that a horse has incorrectly entered data or it is denied of a start, the Racecourse Secretary must be notified, and s/he inserts the corrections and informs the public.

For significant reasons a driver marked in the schedule may be changed with the permission of the Head Judge or the Panel of the Judges.

32. Clothing at Races

It is obligatory to have clean clothing for a race, a helmet and white trousers. Race clothing can have signs of a driver or an owner. Special colours of drivers or owners must differ clearly. An owner of a driver’s licence must take care to register his race clothing and helmet’s colours with ETA.

Racers in race clothing are forbidden to be in the area fo spectators.

33. On alcohol and Drugs Consumption

An intoxicated participant at the racecourse at the racing time is penalised automatically with racing disqualification for 3-6 months; racing disqualification period depends on the alcohol content in the blood per mil.

A participant under the influence of drugs at the racecourse at the racing time is penalised with disqualification the period of which is determined by ETA Administration.

The Panel of the Judges has a right to remove a racer from a race if there is a doubt that a driver has taken alcohol or drugs. A misbehaving or an intoxicated person is removed from a racing area. If the given person has a driver’s licence, he is suspended from riding at least for a month.

The Panel of the Judges may hold a random check of racers on a racing day on the subject of alcohol consumption.

34. Doping, Medicines and Penalties

Use of doping is prohibited. Usual oral foodstuffs are permitted.

Use of doping means influence or an effort of influence of a horse’s abilities during a race such as having a stimulating, soothing, strengthening, weakening, aching or inflammatory effect by a chemical substance, medicine or other method. Use of doping is also considered in case of exposing a horse’s body parts to physical influence (eg cold or heat) before a race.

Administering all medicines and chemical substances by injecting, putting drops, giving powders or tablets or by any other method is prohibited 4 days (96 hours) before a race or depending on the medicine induced action prescribed by a Veterinarian Officer for a longer period of time.

During/before/after competitions any remaining prohibited medicine residue from a horse’s blood, urine or other tests must not be found (0 –variant). Medicine residue may not be found regardless of the fact whether they affected or not a horse’s performance. Proceeding from this vaccination and other appropriate actions must be done in advance.

Some amounts of substances found in the nature and in a horse’s body are restricted and are not to be exceeded.

Medicines and methods prohibited at all times:

- anabolic steroids

- growth hormones

- other medicines prohibited by law

- blood transfusions and other artificial manipulation to affect a horse’s performance

- an implant containing medicines

- the surgical cutting of a nerve or other permanently pain affecting chemical, physical or surgical method

- a radioactive implant; a guest of honour or an imported horse may race if its radioactivity rate of its implant does not exceed the background radiation.

To treat a horse or prevent an illness medicines or vaccines prescribed to a horse may be used.

If a horse is treated, then medicines used for this purpose must be prescribed by a veterinarian.

A trainer responsible for a horse must follow appropriate regulations and laws and comply with the race regulations on medicine induced time effect prohibition by a veterinarian.

All actions related to a horse’s treatment must be documented in medicinal bookkeeping and checked if necessary.

Medicines and the means for administering them must be kept in a locked storeroom.

A trainer responsible for a horse is in charge of keeping medicines and the means for administering them.

An official appointed by ETA has a right to check the storerooms for keeping medicines and medicinal bookkeeping.

35. A Horse’s Equipment

According to Animal Protecton Laws it is prohibited to expose animals to unreasonable pain. A horses’ harness and a bridle have to comply with the regulations. A trainer and a driver bear full responsibility for the good condition of equipment. The Start Manager and the Veterinarian Officer check the good condition of equipment.

Cart wheels must have wheel shields.

A driver carries responsibility for the correctness of a race number.

Prohibited equipment:

painful snaffle bits for horses;

spikes in reins or metal hooks in a skull cap;

an electric whip;

carts which are too wide between a middle wheel and a fork;

carts wider than 170 cm, advisable cart width is 150-155 cm;

a whip longer than 125 cm and heavier than 120 g. A whip which is made from a metal wire.

Use of a blanket at a parade;

Equipment subject to check which may be prohibited by the Veterinarian Officer:

too tight overcheck;

too tight martingale;

too tight tongue strap. A tongue strap can be checked after a race;

snaffle bits;

a tube under the chin.

Reins must be fastened through the rings in snaffle bits;

A training cart is allowed at the warm-up.

36. A Participants’ Parade

Before each start a parade is held in racecard order, where in light trot horses must be ridden in front of the Panel of the Judges. The parade drivers greet the judges by turning their heads.

One minute before a parade racers must gather at the place appointed by the Racecourse Managing Executive – the paddock.

After a parade it is prohibited to move a horse from a track without a permission of the Start Manager or any significant reason.

An overcheck can be opened or closed during a parade.

37. General Requirements at a Start

It is forbidden to leave a horse to an intoxicated person at the race area. At the race time on the track only a person having a valid driver’s licence may warm up a horse.

A horse’s trainer is responsible for any violations of the rules while getting ready for a start.

After being called for a start drivers must immediately gather close to the starting point and obey orders given by the Start Manager or his/her attendants.

After that drivers must take their places in racecard order. A driver is fully responsible for the fact that s/he starts from the correct starting post. A driver may be punished if a start is postponed due to his/her lateness.

If a horse is unruly at a start so that a start may be due to this postponed the Start Manager may suggest the Panel of the Judges remove a horse from a start. In case of unruly behaviour of a horse a driver may also make this suggestion.

The fact of removal of a horse from a start must be reported to the public and the Sweepstake Manager. The bets for a removed from a start horse are refunded to players.

With a permission of the Start Manager at the Volt Start a walking assistant may be used to lead a horse; however it should be made clear that it does not interfere with other racers.

At the order “ready” an assistant must leave a track. Any person at least 16 years of age can serve as an assistant if s/he is wearing appropriate footwear and a protective helmet.

After the announcement by the Announcer ” 2 minutes to the start,” only the horses racing in this race may be there.

38. The Volt Start

At the Volt Start with a handicap the starting lines have 20-metre intervals.

Various 20-metre intervals between starting lines form starting squares so that:

0 – 20 metres I starting square;

20 – 40 metres II starting square;

40 – 60 metres III starting square;

60 – 80 metres IV starting square.

The Volt is led by the first horse in the first starting square.To ride the Volt the whole area of the starting square must be used.

When riding the Volt it is prohibited to interfere with or prevent co-racers from riding.

The attendants of the Start Manager give a mark for a horse start to the Start Manager by raising a flag. When everybody is ready, the Start Manager gives judges a mark.

Pre-start orders are : “ready – one – two– go” (“valmis – üks – kaks – sõida”) and they are given with the following intervals:

- “ready– one” (“valmis – üks” ) 10 seconds;

- “one– two” (“üks– kaks” ) 5 seconds;

- ”two–go” (“kaks – sõida”) 1,8 - 2 seconds.

The Announcer gives an order ”ready” (“valmis”) at the point when the first horse in the Volt Start has reached the starting position.

By the time the order ”two” (“kaks”) is given all the horses must be lined at their starting positions in the racecard order.

While an order”go”is given if any horse is interfering with another racehorse or its racetrack closes, a repeated start is given.

If any horse goes over the line before the order ”go” (“sõida”) and achieves a remarkable advantage related to other racers, a repeated start is given.

If the order giving has been started at the Volt Start and the start proceeds according to the regulations, then after that bets on a pulled up horse are not refunded.

A Group Start may be given at the Volt Start if the Auto Start is not possible.

39. The Auto Start

A start car starts moving about 300-500 m before the start line. Approaching horses a start car slows down and gathers all horses behind it. 100 m before the start line horses must be at their starting positions behind a start car. A start car accelerates gradually and at the start line speeds up and leaves a racecourse as quickly as possible.

For the moment when a horse has taken its place behind a start car, it is considered to have participated in a race and the bets placed on it are not refunded.

A start may be declared off at the order given by the Start Manager or the Panel of the Judges if:

an emergency or other uncertain situation takes place;

somebody rides past a start car;

somebody closes up a racetrack for somebody else.

Approaching a start car at an uneven tempo or failing to keep up with a start car may lead to a repeated start or a driver’s penalty. Declaring off a start is signalled from a start car.

In the Auto Start horses start in one or two rows. The Racecourse Managing Executive determines a horse’s number in each row.

If 8 horses start in the first row, starting positions of the second row are the following:

number 9 chooses a track behind a horse nr. 1 or 2;

number 10 chooses a track behind a horse nr. 3 or 4;

number 11 chooses a track behind a horse nr. 5 or 6;

number 12 chooses a track behind a horse nr. 7 or 8.

If only one horse starts from the back row, it is free to choose a racetrack. If horses are removed from the first row, the rest of the first row horses move to the left, taking places of the removed horses, and a single back row horse may take a vacant place in the first row.

If a horse does not obey a driver, it may be removed from a race by the judges. A driver him/herself may ask about removal of an unruly horse. The start of a race is signalled by the Start Manager by a flag.

A start car is used if the conditions of a racecourse permit that.

If necessary a car may be used for a test start after a parade. The Auto Start is also considered a start if a car may not be used for a start for technical reasons.

At the start with or without a car a race course may not be changed before a start line. If a car is not used, acceleration after a start may be begun at the yellow flag.

40. Holding, Recalling or Abandoning a Race

40.1 If at the signal of the Panel of the Judges a start is not declared off, a start is considered successful and protests are not registered.

40.2 In case of an emergency, confusion or a dangerous situation the Panel of the Judges may declare a race off and repeat a start if a leading racehorse at the moment of declaring off has covered less than half a distance but not more than 1200 m.

At the repeat of a declared off race pulled up and disqualified horses may participate. At the repeat of a declared off race horses muat have enough reсovery time – at least 30 seconds per each 100 m run.

40.3 In case of an emergency or a dangerous situation, if a leading racehorse has covered more than half a distance or more than 1200 m, the Panel of the Judges may declare a race off. A declared off race is considered void and all bets are refunded.

A repeat of a declared off race is determined by the Panel of the Judges and a Veterinarian Officer. If a declared off race is repeated on the same day, all pulled up horses may participate in it regardless of their former pulling up or disqualification.

41. Timing

Timing begins when:

an order ”go”(“sõida”) is given at the Volt Start;

at the Auto Start when the first horse’s nose is past the winning line;

at the Group Start when the first horse’s nose is past the winning line.

Timing and a horserace end when the first horse’s nose is past the winning line.

An equal result is the end of a race for those horses where it is not possible to check the final placement. The points competition ends with two or more horses having an equal result if the same time is fixed for them.

Timing of a winner is completed with three stoppers or a finish camera. The time results of other horses are determined by the Racecourse Manager. The final time result taken by two or three stoppers is is considered to be the average of them.

While using a finish camera it must be checked that it fixes a correct result for the winner. Placings are determined according to the finish camera. In case of unclear image or when the final order is not clear, placings presented and confirmed by the Head Judge to the Panel of the Judges is considered valid.

The confirmed placings are final and are not subject to protest.

42. Time Estimations

Time estimations are based according to the result of a winner horse as follows:

42.1. at the 1600- to 2400-metre distance a horse loses over 12 seconds of the entire time result to a winner horse.

42.2. at the 2400- to 3200-m distance a horse loses over 13 seconds of the entire time result to a winner horse.

A horse having exceeded the time loses its prize and may not participate in the finals. Disqualification due to the exceeded time does not affect the sweepstake result.

43. Racing Activity

A horse must make an effort to win or gain the best possible place up to the finish, unless a horse is not clearly exhausted, by galloping or any other reason staying behind the ahead racers at a significant distance.

If a horse’s racing performance remarkably differs from normal, the Panel of the Judges investigates the reasons and seeks explanation from a driver. The given brief explanatory note is attached to the race protocol.

The Panel of the Judges may approve of the explanation; however, in case of disapproval they must forward it with added comments to ETA for discussion.

If a horse is found unfit, the Panel of the Judges imposes a Qualification Racefor this horse.

44. Shouting, Use of Whip and Prohibited Way of Riding

Shouting, making noise and improper use of the whip are prohibited.

The whip and reins must be held with one hand, in the riding direction and on the inside of the shaft of a cart. A whip may be used only by moving one’s wrist without raising one’s shoulder.

The whip must not be used to hit against a cart, a wheel shield or a harness; it may not be used to interfere with other racers. During a race reins may be held with one hand only in case of a danger of an accident.

If a driver takes the reins with one hand and hits a horse with a spare hand, suspension will follow. The cases when the whip is used after a race, when a race is declared off or a driver is disqualified are penalized by suspension with the exception of danger avoidance. It is prohibited to hit a horse during a jump.

A forbidden way or riding is considered to be excessive use of the whip and tearing the reins.

45. Instructions During Racing Time

A certain racetrack must be driven.

During the racing time a driver may not:

interfere with other racers by changing a track, keeping down, braking, holding back or in any other way;

leave a track available for another driver’s benefit or in any other way provide other drivers with favourable racing conditions;

change a line, which he had at the last bend if on the straightaway there are no other racers slowing him down; or if he while galloping interferes with other racers;

force other racers by shouting or in any other way change their track;

on purpose cross a track’s borderline;

head for an inner track with a tired horse;

cause a dangerous situation with abrupt braking.

When a driver drives a leading horse, he must make sure that the left wheel of a cart is closer to the inner side of a track at least at a width of half a cart. The Panel of the Judges may give an order to abandon the use of a racecourse or an inner track depending on the weather conditions.

If there is enough room for overtaking and other drivers are not interfered, a driver may overtake a running ahead horse on the inside as well as on the outside. Intentional provision of advantage for another racer is penalized.

To provide a possibility to the judges to contact racers, the latter must remain in the race area for at least 15 minutes after a race ends.

If a driver falls off a cart during a race, a horserace is abandoned.

After a finish the running of a horse must be slowed down gradually while riding the next 100 m, a abrupt braking is prohibited.

Heading from a closed track to a free track is considered manoeuvering, if it brings along interference with one or two racers. A driver guilty of manoeuvering is always penalized with a suspension.

The Panel of the Judges disqualifies a horse race if a driver has considerably affected a result of a race with manoeuvering.

46. Disqualification of a Horse

A horse must demonstrate genuine trotting. If while racing a horse starts galloping and ambling or produces incorrect trotting, it must be instructed back to genuine trotting. A horse is handled in such a way, so that it does not cause a dangerous situation.

If a horse in a race repeatedly starts galloping, ambling or produces incorrect trotting over the distance of 150 m altogether or once for 100 m, then its race is disqualified. The biggest number of gallops is two, at the third gallop a horse is disqualified.

To force a horse to trot again a galloping horse must be led to an outside track, if it is possible to be done without interfering with other racers. If that is impossible, a driver must keep to his track without slowing down in such a way so as not to interfere with the racers behind. A galloping horse must never be turned into the inside track unless to avoid a dangerous situation.

A horse is always disqualified from a race if:

a horse gains advantage while galloping or ambling. An advantage is not considered if a horse continues galloping to make a track free for other horses, so that when it is made to trot later again it is clearly at a disadvantageous position;

gallops the last 100 m of a race;

If a horse’s all four legs have crossed a track’s borderline/marks except for the case when a given manoeuver is made to avoid an accident. A horse stops, starts walking or leaves a track.

A driver who has heard about his disqualification must stop racing at once and leave a track, with the exception when a horse is at a straightaway, then a horse must always reach a finish.

A disqualified racer must leave a racecourse in such a way so as to avoid interfering with other racers.

Disqualification or imposing a penalty is not subject to protest.

46.1 A Wrong Gait / Faulty Trotting

If a horse has a faulty gait/trotting a horse’s trainer is notified of this either orally or in a written way.

A horse may be exposed to a veterinarian check if a doubt arises whether it is ready to race. The decision is made by the Veterinarian Officer together with the Panel of the Judges.

47. Filing a Protest

A protest against an improper race may be filed only by a driver of a racehorse participating in a race. A protest is presented to the Panel of the Judges immediately after the end of a race and before leaving the finish by raising a whip or an arm or using the nearest mobile telephone.

Protests presented later are not considered. If a protest affects the results of the sweepstake, the public must be notified immediately.

If a filed protest is not considered or if a horse is disqualified as a result of this protest, these decisions are final and not subject to appeal.

A protest filer must prove his/her claim. Penalty resulting from a protest may be appealed in due course.

The Panel of the Judges must investigate every breach of the regulations regardless of the fact whether a protest is filed or not.

48. Penalties

Siza of penalty and descriptions of violations are regulated separately with Penalty Regulations.

The Panel of the Judges must be notified of all the regulations’ violations by race officials.

The Panel of the Judges imposes penalties on all the violations of the Race Regulations in the racecourse area during races. ETA Administration deals with issues concerning the Panel of the Judges and they also have a right to cancel penalty on the assumption that it may be appealed.

A racer is penalised for violating the regulations. The principle is that a degree of penalty increases in compliance with a degree of complexity and a number of repeated violations.

The Panel of the Judges may impose the following penalties:

B. Warning

A warning is issued to a racer for such breach of the regulations which do not produce advantage or damage to oneself, other racers, race management or concerns a horse.

C. Penalty

A penalty is issued to a racer for serious violations of the regulations which do not produce advantage or damage to oneself, other racers, race management or concerns a horse.

Failing to race without compelling reasons a person responsible for a horse participating in a race is issued with a penalty for failure to participate in a race with an amount of II place prize money.

D. Suspension

Suspension is issued to participants for especially serious violations of the regulations which produce advantage or damage to oneself, other racers, race management or concerns a horse.

When determining the length of a suspension period a driver’s racing activeness should be considered (number of starts made). If according to the Panel of Judges a driver does not know well enough the Race Regulations, he may be issued with suspension and the Panel of Judges may demand a new application for a driver’s licence.

Supension may also concern a horse and to retrieve a driver’s licence the Qualification Start may be imposed.

Life suspension may be issued to a trainer, a horse carer or any other person who may be proved to

have used substances affecting a horse’s abilities;

who has shamelessly violated the Race Regulations.

Suspension comes into force 21 days after its imposing, on the same day of the week when the penalty was imposed. In case of a gross violation suspension comes into force immediately.

On the occasion with races with invitations participation is permitted during the period of penalty; however, when taking part in such a race, one more day is added to the penalty.

The Panel of the Judges may impose penalty for such acts which are not mentioned in these regulations; however which are inconsistent with sports ethics and sound practices.

The Panel of the Judges notifies ETA Administration of the imposed penalties, which are registrated by the latter.

A driver who has repeatedly violated the regulations may be deprived of his/her driver’s licence.

Degree of penalty is determined by ETA Administration (Appendix 1).

The 30-day suspension come into force in 2 weeks. In case of a gross violation suspension may come into force immediately.

On the occasion with races with invitations participation is permitted during the period of penalty; however, when taking part in such a race, one more day is added to the penalty.

49. Payment of Penalty or Debt

A penalty is to be paid within one month after its issue.

A participant who has not paid a debt by the deadline, may not participate in a race. ETA may declare a driver’s licence invalid if an owner has not paid a fine for over 6 months.

If a debtor is a foreign participant, he is denied participation in races in Estonia and a central organisation of trotting sport of a corresponding country is notified in a written way.

50. Filing Complaints

A driver may file a written complaint to ETA Administration on the subject of penalty which must be compiled within 7 days of imposing a penalty. A complaint is examined by a 3-person committee during a period of 7 days since filing a complaint. When filing a complaint € 20must be paid as a security deposit. If the committee have found that a complaint was well-grounded, a security deposit will be refunded to a complainant.

51. Restrictions on Gambling

Playing on the totaliser is prohibited according to Gambling Act.

52. Amendments to the Race Regulations

Amendments to the given regulations may be introduced only by ETA Administration and they must be made public 1 week before next competitions.

53. Interpretation Issues

In case of difference of opinion in terms of regulations interpretations or there are cases which are not mentioned in the given regulations, a case will be solved by ETA Administration.

54. Coming into Force

The given regulations have been in force since 1 January 2009.

05.02.2016 Supplements and Amendments:

15. The Qualification Standards, 24. The Driver’s Licence, 26.4, 26.5, 37. Preparations for the Start, 39. The Auto Start, 42. Time Estimations, 42.1., 42.2., 46. Disqualification of a Horse, 46.1, 48. Penalties, 50. Filing Complaints, 15. Qualification Standards.